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Comparisons - Verbs

 

 

 

 

 

 

Are there any simple rules for comparative verbs?

 

Yes, there are a few simple rules that can help you check your work in the exam.

For example, in general, we can make comparative and superlative forms of one-syllable adjectives by adding ‘er’ for comparative forms and ‘est’ for superlatives.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

young

younger

youngest

long

longer

longest

strong

stronger

strongest

Jeff is younger than Max.

Morphine is one of the strongest pain killers.

The Egyptian civilisation is much older than the Mayan.

Of the three students, Max is the oldest.

The Nile is longer than the Thames.

Additionally, when a one-syllable adjective ends with e, add an ‘r’ for the comparative and an ‘st’ for the superlative.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

large

larger

largest

nice

nicer

nicest

China is three times larger than India in terms of landmass.

Russia is the largest country in the world.

Confucius is widely regarded as the wisest of the ancient sages

When a one-syllable adjective ends with a single consonant with a vowel before it, add the same consonant and ‘er’ at the end for the comparative; add the consonant and ‘est’ for the superlative.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

fat

fatter

fattest

big

bigger

biggest

slim

slimmer

slimmest

Nowadays food portions are bigger than in the past.

In terms of population, China is by far the biggest country.

Obviously, the biggest difference between the two graphs is…

With most two-syllable adjectives, we can make the comparative with more and the superlative with most.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

beautiful

more beautiful

most beautiful

thoughtful

more thoughtful

most thoughtful

pleasant

more pleasant

most pleasant

careful

more careful

most careful

Nepal is one of the most beautiful countires in the world

Sarah is more thoughtful than Maxine

Of all the students, Mike is the most careful

If a two-syllable adjective ends with a ‘y’ we can drop the y and add ‘ier’. For the superlative drop the y and add iest.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

busy

busier

busiest

angry

angrier

angriest

fussy

fussier

fussiest

happy

happier

happiest

Mary is happier than she was last year

You have made me the happiest man in the world

Mike is angrier than you are

I am much busier than you

Dave is the busiest person I've ever met

Two-syllable adjectives ending in ‘er’, ‘le’, or ‘ow’ take ‘er’ and ‘est’ to form the comparative and superlative forms.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

narrow

narrower

narrowest

gentle

gentler

genlest

The tunnels get narrower the deeper they go

The tunnels are narrowest at the deepest part

For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the comparative with more and the superlative with most.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

generous

more generous

most generous

important

more important

most important

intelligent

more intelligent

most intelligent

In terms of international aid, Germany is more generous than Denmark

In this context, Switzerland is the most generous

Happiness is more important than money

He is perhaps the most important person in the government at the moment

Exceptions

Irregular adjectives

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

many

more

most

far

farther

farthest

little

less

least

bad

worse

worst

good

better

best

This novel is the best in the world.

Chinese food is better than British food

The quality of education in Sweden is worse than Norway

Of all the students in my class, Kelly is the worst

It’s worth remembering that some two-syllable adjectives can follow two rules; these can used either ‘er’ and ‘est’ or ‘more’ and ‘most’.

Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

clever

cleverer

more clever

cleverest

most clever

simple

simpler

more simple

simplest

most simple

gentle

gentler

more gentle

gentlest

most gentle

friendly

friendlier

more friendly

friendliest

most friendly

quiet

quieter

more quiet

quietest

most quiet

 

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