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Task 1 Vocab - Compare and Contrast








For Task 1, it's important to use a variety of different ways to compare and contrast the information presented. There are numerous ways to do this which we will discuss below. We will start with the most simple ways to compare things, and then move on to more complex ways.


  • Try using the following phases to describe information in a sample question: was greater than, increased less than, was much more stable than, relative to…grew very little


  • Remember to use conjunctives and cohesive features; using the follow features well will help you get a better score for CC and GRA because it will make your work read better and will allow you to use more complex sentences: while/whereas/but/at the same time


  • Connective features, : however/at the same time/over the same period/by contrast/on the other hand/meanwhile


  • Try focusing on specific items by using terms like: turning to (the over 60s), they/in regard to/with respect to/as far as…is concerned/when it comes to...


Try using different tenses to compare data:


  • Past simple – The population rose from 1960 to 1980


  • Past perfect – Before 1960, the population had previously never exceeded…however, after 1960


  • Present tense - As we can see, the total population over the period rises from…to


  • Present perfect – Compared to five years ago the population has risen considerably


  • Future perfect – The estimates indicate that by 2020 the population will have risen


  • Future simple – The predictions forecast the population will rise to…in


Forecasts and predictions


  • Try using referencing and substitution, terms like: It is estimated that/it is forecast/estimates indicate/projections forecast the trend to continue/will have…by/is expected to/is set to


  • Other useful verb sequences you can use include:


 ...rose from…to


...rose increasing from…to


...increased to…overtaking/outstripping/soaring past


... leveled off at a maximum of…before falling again


...increased greatly relative to…(this means, 'compared to')


...fell sharply before rising again to a new high


...rose sharply, while/whereas…fell dramatically




Usually one sentence is enough


Try using words like: Generally/In conclusion/Overall/It can be clearly seen/In sum/It is evident



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